Monday, January 18, 2010

Pulp Fantasy Library: The Ship of Ishtar

Nearly all of the authors whose works I highlight in this space each week are those whose fame was once greater than it is today. There are exceptions, of course -- Robert E. Howard and H.P. Lovecraft being two good examples -- but contemporary fame often brings with it misunderstanding, with the author's stories and ideas reduced to mere caricatures. For good or for ill, Abraham Merritt has avoided that fate, his works largely unknown today, despite the fact that he was arguably the most popular fantasy and science fiction writer before World War II.

Dying suddenly of a heart attack in 1943 probably didn't help Merritt's career, but it's still almost inexplicable to imagine how the author of Seven Footprints to Satan, Dwellers in the Mirage, and The Moon Pool, never mind The Ship of Ishtar could be so obscure today. The Ship of Ishtar alone ought to merit (pun intended) its author more than throwaway mentions here and there, usually in reference to more well known authors whom he influenced, such as Jack Williamson, Walter Shaver, and H.P. Lovecraft. Clark Ashton Smith, whose birthday I commemorated just last week, was very taken with The Ship of Ishtar, explaining:
I enjoyed the rare and original fantasy of this tale, and have kept it longer than I should otherwise, for the sake of re-reading certain passages that were highly poetic and imaginative. Merritt has an authentic magic, as well as an inexhaustible imagination.
High praise indeed.

The Ship of Ishtar was originally released as a six-part serial novel over the course of November and December 1924 in Argosy All-Story Weekly. These parts were then collected into a hardcover in 1926, but in abridged form, excising some chapters and rearranging the text. It's this incomplete version of the story that's been reprinted again and again over the decades, with only (I believe) a single 1949 edition including the full text of the novel. The recent Paizo edition follows that 1949 edition, making it the first edition in 60 years to give readers the book as Merritt intended it.

The Ship of Ishtar is the tale of Jack Kenton, a modern man who receives a package from an old archeologist friend. The package contains an ancient stone, inside of which Kenton finds a remarkable model of a ship. The ship is a magical creation and draws Kenton into it, pulling him backward in time to Babylonian times and into the midst of a struggle between the followers of goddess Ishtar and followers of the god Nergal -- the cursed inflicted because a priestess of Ishtar and a priest of Nergal dared fall in love with one another against the wishes of their respective deities. Now, the lieutenants of the priestess and priest, both of whom, for their own reasons, aided their superiors, is trapped on a ship divided between light and darkness and from which there can be no escape.

Kenton, not being a man of this time and not laboring under the curse of the gods, can move freely back and forth between the two sides of the ship. Having fallen in love with the beautiful Sharane, priestess of Ishtar, he offers to go to Klaneth, priest of Nergal, and attempt to find a means by which to end the conflict on the ship. In this respect, The Ship of Ishtar resembles many pulp fantasies of its time and after: a modern man, thrown into an unusual locale/time, finds himself able to go places and do things that those native to it cannot. What differentiates Merritt's novel, though, is its gorgeous prose and deep characterizations. Merritt is an author who takes his time in telling a story, presenting little details and nuances that other authors would rush past in an effort to get to the action.

This may be why Merritt fell out of favor in the years after the Second World War: he's not a "breezy" author. That's not to say his prose is slow going, because it's not. Indeed, I find Merritt much easier to read than, say, Lovecraft or even Smith, both of whose prose is every bit as adjective-laden and evocative. Yet, Merritt dwells on details, particularly the beauty or ugliness of characters, and it's possible that, for some, these details get in the way of their enjoyment. I think that's a pity, because, as I said, Merritt's text is not plodding and his descriptions and dialog are every bit as appealing as his action, but perhaps he is an acquired taste.

Regardless, Abraham Merritt is an important early fantasy author, one mentioned by Gygax in Appendix N, and The Ship of Ishtar may well be his masterpiece. Many thanks to Paizo for again making it available and for preserving the entirety of its text. With luck, Merritt may soon gain the wider admiration he so richly deserves.


  1. I just finished rereading this over Christmas. There is a plethora of good material in this novel for any D&D campaign, though I've personally mined more from The Dwellers in the Mirage.

  2. James,
    I'd like to humbly request that you start posting a few lines or a paragraph from these pulp classics you review.

    Your descriptions make me want to read them all, but, realistically, I know I'm only going to take the tiem to pick up the ones where the prose style is to my taste.

  3. The link you put on 'Paizo edition' went to your post on Clark Ashton Smith, so maybe this was a mistake?

  4. Please review Vance's Lyonesse series.

  5. Zak,

    That's a good idea. I should start doing that. Thanks for the suggestion.

  6. Oddly enough I'm just re-reading Merritts "The Face in the Abyss" - I'd be interested in your thoughts on that novel too!

  7. Thanks again for highlighting a Planet Stories book here on Grognardia, James! Your support is much appreciated (and probably necessary, given how difficult it is to sell books like this!).

    For what it's worth, Merritt is the one author Gary Gygax kept pushing me to reprint the whole time I was planning the Planet Stories line. I think he was a far larger influence on Gygax (and hence D&D) than most people probably realize.

    --Erik Mona
    Paizo Publishing